Zastupnica u Europskom parlamentu Ivana Maletić u srijedu, 29.10. održala je predavanje na Ekonomskom fakultetu u Rijeci na temu: „Hrvatska u Europskoj uniji: ekonomska i kohezijska politika, prilike i izazovi“.

Studente i profesore s Ekonomskog fakulteta zastupnica Maletić upoznala je s procedurom prekomjernog proračunskog deficita i makroekonomskih neravnoteža, europskog semestra, specifičnim preporukama za RH te s lošim upravljanjem državnim proračunom.

Republika Hrvatska je odmah po ulasku u EU ušla u proceduru prekomjernog proračunskog deficita jer je deficit iznosio 5,5% BDP-a, a dug 65% BDP-a što je iznad zadanih Maastrichtskih kriterija (3% i 60%). Europska komisija je u sklopu procedure prekomjernog deficita i Europskog semestra zadala ključne preporuke u području upravljanja proračunom, mirovinskog i zdravstvenog sustava, tržišta rada, socijalne politike, poslovnog okruženja, upravljanja imovinom i borbe protiv korupcije, pravosuđa i financijskog sustava. Mjerila koja je potrebno ispuniti vezano uz razinu deficita su: u 2014. deficit od 4,6% BDP-a, u 2015. 3,5% BDP-a i u 2016. 2,7% BDP-a.

1. Ivana MaleticJedna od ključnih zamjerki i preporuka Vladi Republike Hrvatske je loše upravljanje proračunom i nepoznavanje prihodovne i rashodovne strane zbog čega se inzistira na dubinskoj analizi rashoda i boljoj metodologiji procjene prihoda. Kada se pogledaju proračuni i rebalansi od 2012. do danas jasno je zašto Europska komisija poručuje Vladi da ne razumije proračun. Šokantno je da jedna Vlada u studenom značajno mijenja proračunski rezultat i redovito povećava deficit. Tako je 2013. rebalansom u studenom deficit povećan s 10 na 16 milijardi kuna, a u 2014. s 13,5 na 15,6 milijardi kuna.

Ove godine deficit je realno i puno veći jer su na prihodovnoj strani uračunati i jednokratni prihodi od gotovo 3 milijarde kuna iz drugog mirovinskog stupa koji se po ESA 2010 metodologiji ne priznaju u prihode. Kada se isključe ovi primici koji nemaju karakter prihoda, deficit državnog proračuna je 18,6 milijardi kuna. Uz to, svima je na prvi pogled jasno da nisu planirana dovoljna sredstva za zdravstveni sustav te da će se najmanje 2 milijarde kuna obveza odgoditi za sljedeću godinu. Samo gospodarskim rastom i razvojem možemo riješiti problem deficita jer rast i razvoj povećavaju prihode proračuna, a veći prihodi znače manji deficit.

Reforma javne administracije i njeno stavljanje u funkciju poduzetnika i građana najvažnija je promjena na kojoj se hitno mora početi raditi. Nikako nije rješenje uvođenje novih poreznih nameta. Isto tako smanjivanje plaća ili mirovina u državi poput Hrvatske samo narušava konkurentnost i povećava razinu siromaštva što se ne uklapa u hrvatske, ali niti u europske ciljeve, istaknula je zastupnica Maletić. Prikazala je ocjene konkurentnosti hrvatskog gospodarstva prema različitim metodologijama. Primjerice, Izvješćem o globalnoj konkurentnosti 2014./2015. Hrvatska je na 77. mjestu od 148 država uključenih u istraživanje i ocjenom od 4,13 stagnira, što je posljedica neprovođenja strukturnih reformi ključnih za dugoročni održivi gospodarski razvoj. I nadalje jasno su vidljiva područja u kojima su potrebne intenzivnije reforme, pogotovo u makroekonomskom okruženju gdje je uočen pad za čak 24 pozicije.

5. Slika s dekanomPotrebno je usmjeriti se na provođenje strukturnih reformi posebice u onim segmentima u kojima je Hrvatska najslabije ocijenjena poput: efikasnost tržišta rada, opterećenost regulativom, učinkovitost pravnog okvira, intenzitet lokalne konkurentnosti, sposobnost države u privlačenju i zadržavanju motiviranih pojedinaca, visoka razina nezaposlenosti, niska razina razvijenosti klastera, nizak inovacijski kapacitet, povjerenje javnosti u političare i drugi.

Sudionici su imali brojna pitanja, primjerice zanimalo ih je što zastupnica može preporučiti poduzetnicima u kojim segmentima će se najviše ulagati, je li bilo upozorenja od strane Europske komisije radi nepovoljne strukture poreznih prihoda, koga vidi kao glavnog krivca za loše provođenje politika, kako može komentirati kartu regionalnih potpora i mnoga druga.

Pogledajte prezentaciju s predavanjahttp://ivana-maletic.com/index.php/vijesti/item/572-maletic-losa-ekonomska-politika-i-promjene-deficita-u-zadnji-cas-losa-su-poruka-europskoj-uniji-i-stranim-investitorima

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